Building in the Floodplain
All development in the floodplain requires a permit from the Planning and Development Office. New buildings are required to be built above the base flood elevation. Also, any additions which will exceed 50% of the value of the existing building must be treated as a new building and raised above the base flood elevation or otherwise floodproofed. More information on permitting in the floodplain can be found at the following 2 sites: the Planning and Community Development Office or Zoning and Subdivision Regulations.
What to Do in the Event of a Flood
- Listen to the Radio. If a flood is imminent or a possibility, information will be provided to residents through local radio and TV stations. The City and State have flood monitoring programs in place to anticipate and alleviate flooding.
- Do not walk through flowing water. Drowning is the #1 cause of flood deaths. Currents can be deceptive; 6 inches of water can knock you off your feet.
- Do not drive through a flooded area. Don't drive around road barriers; the road or bridge may be washed out.
- Stay away from power lines and electrical wires.
- Move to the 2nd floor or roof if caught by suddenly rising water.
- Have your electricity turned off by the power company.
- Look before you step. After a flood, the ground and floors may be covered with debris which conceals dangerous footing.
- Be alert for gas leaks.
- Boil water until water has been declared safe.
- If, and only if, time permits:
- Turn off all utilities
- Move valuable papers
- Fill tubs, sinks, and jugs with clean water
- Board up windows
- Bring outdoor possessions inside the house or tie them down.
History of Flooding in Montpelier
Montpelier is susceptible to flooding at all times of the year, but particularly in the spring during the spring run-off and ice break-up. Floods have occurred due to intense rain, ice jams, and combinations of both rain and ice jams. There have been 3 significant floods in Montpelier this century.
This was the most destructive hydrological event in Vermont's history. In the Winooski Valley, 55 deaths and $13.5 million in damage occurred. The flood destroyed many bridges and caused extensive structural damage to buildings.
Heavy rains and moderate temperatures contributed to a large amount of run-off. Coupled with the breakup of thick ice, flooding occurred in the downtown after an ice-jam formed on the Winooski behind the old Bailey Dam.
Due to sudden warm temperatures, the ice broke up along the Winooski River and an ice jam occurred just beyond the Bailey Avenue bridge. The water level quickly rose and flooded most of the City's downtown and some residences outside of the downtown. No deaths occurred; however, extensive damage occurred to buildings and through the loss of store inventories and records.
Montpelier Flood Hazard Mitigation Plan
Although the city government, state government, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency have constructed flood mitigation devices, enacted various forms of legislation, and initiated numerous activities and programs designed to mitigate flooding and flood damage to the city, the threat of flooding and flood damage remains significant. The Montpelier Flood Hazard Mitigation Plan (PDF), adopted in 2014, presents strategies to mitigate future flood losses in the event a flood does occur.
What If My Property Is Not The Floodplain?
It is possible that as the shape of land changes over time or new information becomes available, properties once believed to be in the floodplain might, in fact, no longer be. In situations where a property owner thinks their property was inadvertently mapped in a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) on a Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM), also known as a flood map, FEMA provides a process for the public to request a change in the flood zone designation for the property.
Below are forms property owners may use to request that the Federal Emergency Management Agency revise and update their maps accordingly or to help determine the rate of risk for flood insurance:
- Elevation Certificate - Tool to provide elevation information necessary to ensure compliance with community floodplain management ordinances, to determine the proper insurance premium rate and to support a request for a Letter of Map Amendment.
- LOMA - Application / Certification Forms and Instructions for Letters of Map Amendment, Conditional Letters of Map Amendment, Letters of Map Revision (Based on Fill), and Conditional Letters of Map Revision (Based on Fill)